Since 2014, the Brazilian Association of Psychiatry - BAP, in partnership with the Federal Council of Medicine - FCM, nationally organizes the Yellow September® campaign, as a prevention against the evils of suicide.
World Suicide Prevention Day, 2020, is the 10th of this month, officially. The campaign, however, is something that should not stop, it needs to be carried out on a daily basis, throughout the year, because someone is always in need of help. It is estimated that every 30 seconds a suicide occurs in the world, so the guard cannot be lowered. Preventing to reduce this index is a commitment of the whole society, at all levels, from the collective to the individual.
Brazilian Association of Psychiatry defines suicide as “a deliberate act performed by the individual himself, whose intention is death, consciously and intentionally (...) using a means he believes to be lethal. (...) It is a behavior with multifactorial determinants and the result of a complete interaction of psychological and biological factors, including genetic, cultural and socio-environmental factors. Thus, it should be considered as the outcome of a series of factors that accumulate in the individual's history, and cannot be considered in a causal and simplistic way only to certain specific events in the subject's life. It is the final consequence of a process. ” (from the booklet “Suicide - Informing to Prevent”)
Suicide, in all age groups, is a serious public health problem! In Brazil, there are about 12,000 annually. In the world, it reaches 1,000,000! And the numbers tend to grow, compounded by the side effects of Covid-19. Most victims of this silent disease are young people between 15 and 30 years old and elderly people over 65, reaching 3 men for each woman.
According to BAP, the main causes are depression (a disease very prevalent in modern society, but with very deep roots) and bipolar disorder, together or in association. Also alcoholism and drug use, personality disorders and schizophrenia.
In the group of young people, the complexity increases with the familiar and social emotional problems typical of the age, going through psychological disorders, rejection, neglect, psychological, physical and sexual abuse. The conflict of sexual identity is considerable for a large number of young people, and as such it must be considered among the causes.
Among the elderly, the main causes are accentuated by the loss of relatives, spouse, loneliness, conflictive relationship between family members, degenerative illnesses, feelings of worthlessness and the painful feeling of considering themselves a dead weight, an unbearable burden for their family members.
The adult age group, in general, is also affected by individual and / or collective financial problems, economic and unemployment crises, which contribute a lot to the funneling of future perspectives.
There are factors that increase the risk of suicide: childhood sexual abuse, frustrated previous attempt to kill oneself, recent period of discharge from psychiatric hospitalization, disabling illnesses, impulsivity, aggression, social isolation, family suicide, mental illnesses, etc.
It must not be forgotten that suicide is the outcome of a multifactorial, highly complex process and requires redoubled and careful attention from society as a whole. Fortunately, there are ways to protect against the potential act of suicide. One of them, perhaps the most effective, is to end the taboo on the subject and open a wide discussion on the subject.
There are objective and protective actions such as: treating mental illness, developing ways to increase self-esteem, offering good family support, favoring the capacity for positive adaptation and problem solving, working, engaging in cooperative activities, establishing social ties with friends and relatives, establish a positive therapeutic relationship, attend religious activities or that awaken purpose in life, offer or find an existential sense, awaken a sense of responsibility with the family, have the presence of children at home, initiate pleasant or meaningful activities, reduce or avoid the use of alcohol and other drugs.
Fortunately, the vast majority of people who think about suicide find better ways to deal with problems and overcome them, especially if they identify the problem and search for the different healthy and constructive ways to face it.
For more information and the adoption of means to help prevent this evil that plagues so many people in the world, access http://www.flip3d.com.br/web/pub/cfm/index9/?numero=14.
Willing to Smile.